2020 DSNWK News
Stealing The Show
Annie Wasinger, a senior at Thomas More Prep-Marian High School, has taken initiative to spread love and kindness in the best way she knows how. Annie has been involved in the Hays Community Theatre since she was three years old and has continued to practice the art of theatre ever since. Annie’s brother, Joel Wolcott has cerebral palsy and uses a wheelchair. Understanding that there aren’t many opportunities for individuals like her brother to participate in theatre, Annie transformed her passion into something especially great by starting a theatre camp for individuals with disabilities called The Center Stage Theatre. After seeing the joy it brought to the participants, Annie was determined to continue the camp and share her love for theatre while encouraging others to try new things.
Obviously, the COVID - 19 pandemic has put a damper on many things, but Annie has gone above and beyond to ensure that she can continue to teach theatre tactics to her campers. She started a Facebook page and YouTube channel that would allow the participants to meet virtually. Starting on June 15th, Annie was able to utilize the online programs by releasing various videos. She started these virtual platforms as a way to interact with her campers during COVID - 19, but has decided to utilize online aspects year round in order to stay connected and keep up with how everyone is doing. Annie still plans to hold the camp in person from August 3rd through August 7th because many individuals have missed out on several annual events and she wants to make sure that her camp isn’t one of them. If for some reason it is deemed unsafe to hold the camp in person, Annie has made arrangements for the event to go virtual. It is apparent that this camp is near and dear to Annie’s heart as she has put much time and effort into it, but it is also clear that she has been personally impacted by the joy that comes along with serving others. Annie expressed, “Center Stage Theatre Camp is really a cumulation of all of my hopes and dreams. The campers I have had the privilege to work with have become like family to me”.
Dash 4 Disabilities Fast Approaching
DSNWK is proud to sponsor the 8th Annual Dash for Disabilities Fun Run. The run is scheduled for Saturday, August 1st at 8:00 a.m. on the West side of the Hays Aquatic Park (4th and Main). Registration will begin at 7:15 a.m.
There is still time to register for this fun event for an entry fee of only $10 on or before July 29th. Day-of registration will be a $12 entry fee. This run will consist of your choice of a 1 mile run/walk or a 5K run/walk.
The run is for people of all abilities, will not be timed, and the proceeds will go to help support the programs coordinated by the Hays Recreation Commission that support people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. The run helps make the programs free or inexpensive for participants.
PDC happy to have new vehicle
A 2019 white Ford Fusion pulled into a parking stall in front of Prairie Developmental Center on Tuesday. A welcome sight for PDC staff and individuals served at the Center. Developmental Services of Northwest Kansas was able to purchase this new vehicle thanks to the generosity of several Atwood community members. DSNWK held a special barbeque lunch for those donors and gave them first look at the new vehicle. “We were happy to deliver this new car to PDC today, as well as take some time to visit with and show our appreciation to the donors who made it all possible,” states Jerry Michaud, DSNWK President. “It is people like these that make Atwood such a special place to live.” The new vehicle replaces a car for PDC which was lost due to excessive mileage and complete engine failure. DSNWK would like to thank Atwood Circle of Friends, The Rawlins County Thrift Shop, Atwood Masons Lodge and Jean Ann Wagner for making this possible. DSNWK serves persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities throughout the 18 counties of northwest Kansas including the community of Atwood.
DSNWK benefits from United Way COVID-19 Emergency Relief Fund
Developmental Services of Northwest Kansas is grateful for a $500 grant award from the United Way of Ellis County from their COVID-19 Emergency Relief Fund. The grant award helped to offset costs for the necessary supplies to implement preventative policies for the safety of staff and individuals in all DSNWK’s locations in Ellis County. These preventive efforts included the purchasing of personal protective equipment (PPE), following the guidelines set forth by the Center for Disease Control and the Kansas Department of Health and Environment.
DSNWK would like to thank the United Way of Ellis County for their continuous support of people with developmental disabilities.
DSNWK is a 501c3 nonprofit serving 18 counties in northwest Kansas with a mission to advocate for persons with disabilities and those who care about them by planning and supporting a life of dignity, interdependence, and personal satisfaction in the community.
The Butterfly Project
It is apparent that COVID-19 has provoked people all over the world to feel trapped and a little stir crazy as we are forced to stay in our homes. For the individuals in our group homes, this dangerous virus has been nothing short of frustrating. The pandemic guidelines have made DSNWK case manager, Tiara Espinosa especially worried about the potential lack of mental stimulation that our individuals so heavily rely on. In order to help, Tiara took to Google in search of possible ways to alleviate the frustrations of being stuck at home for individuals in the Douglas group home. She eventually came across the “bug farm” idea and contacted Brina Robinson, the Residential Coordinator for the Douglas home, so they could brainstorm some possible ideas. Spiders and ants were mentioned as possible contenders, but the ladies eventually settled on butterflies. Tiara did some online shopping and found a habitat that she was able to have mailed directly to the home in Douglas. She even found some caterpillars online and waited for the weather to warm up so that they would survive shipping. Once everything had arrived, the residential staff helped the individuals set everything up and before long, beautiful butterflies were born!
Tiara stated about the project, “I was really happy with the turnout - the butterflies are so pretty, and the guys seemed to be interested in the different stages of development. All in all it was a really fun little project! I'd love for them to do it again next year, or to send the habitat around to other group homes with folks who are interested”.
The late Harriet Richardson matches Midwest Energy grant
Developmental Services of Northwest Kansas is proud to announce their receipt of a generous contribution from the late Harriet Richardson to the renovation project of DSNWK’s Hoxie Developmental Center. We were saddened at Harriet’s passing and touched to learn of her wishes to support DSNWK and this project. The donation will be utilized as part of the match needed for the $15,000 matching grant received from Midwest Energy.
Richardson, a long time supporter of DSNWK, passed away on May 11th. She was a parent of two sons who receive services at the Center. She, along with her husband Bill, were also generous donors to DSNWK and helped to advance services for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities in the Hoxie area. “Harriet was a strong advocate and promoter of services in Hoxie and beyond,” states Jerry Michaud, DSNWK President. “This gift from her in her final days is just another example of how important the continuation of our services and supports were to Harriet.”
The renovation underway will make the center more functional, accessible, and community focused for the people we serve in Sheridan County and surrounding counties who have developmental disabilities. The renovation will change the floor plan to make room for much needed accessible bathrooms, a utility room, larger classroom space and a larger dining room and community room area. While making these changes, a storm shelter is also hoped for as part of this plan.
DSNWK would like to publicly thank all those involved in support of this project. A great spirit of generosity is reflected in the support from the late William and Harriet Richardson and from Pete Henry through his Foundation’s trustees who carry on his powerful legacy. Both have been instrumental in maximizing the generous matching grant opportunity provided for by Midwest Energy in their initial contribution toward the renovation of the DSNWK developmental center in Hoxie.
DSNWK offers new service called Fam-Link
Developmental Services of Northwest Kansas (DSNWK) is proud to offer a new service to families called Fam-Link. DSNWK has teamed up with LiveWell Northwest Kansas, Inc. to focus on nurturing and supporting families to improve outcomes for children in northwest Kansas using Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up (ABC) intervention. This intervention is designed to help families develop critical skills leading to better outcomes for children and thus family preservation.
Fam-Link service at DSNWK is offered to parents and caregivers of babies who are between 6 and 24 months old. Fam-Link strengthens the relationship with the child, while helping the child to learn to regulate behaviors and emotions. DSNWK’s Fam-Link program helps to identify and respond to a baby's signals. As a result, the relationship between parent and child is one that helps to protect him or her from stress, early challenges and adversity.
For more information about DSNWK’s Fam-Link program, contact Sara Biggs at 785-621-5329 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
DSNWK receives grant from Norton County Community Foundation
Developmental Services of Northwest Kansas is proud to announce that they are the recipient of a grant from the Norton County Community Foundation in the amount of $4,750. The grant will be utilized for the replacement of the front door and kitchen cabinets in one of DSNWK’s Norton residences. These improvements will allow the individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (I/DD), who live in this home to enjoy much needed upgrades to their home. The upgrades to the Norton home will allow the individuals living there to continue to have a pleasant living environment for years to come. These upgrades will also increase the outside appearance of the home as the front entrance will be more aesthetically appealing. The kitchen cabinets will provide more functional space, allowing staff and individuals to have greater use of the kitchen. DSNWK is a 501c3 nonprofit serving 18 counties in northwest Kansas with a mission to advocate for persons with disabilities and those who care about them by planning and supporting a life of dignity, interdependence, and personal satisfaction in the community.
DSNWK receives grant from Smith County Community Foundation
Developmental Services of Northwest Kansas is proud to announce a grant award of $2,471.00 to go toward the purchase of a new Tympanometer for it’s Kid-Link program thanks to the support of the Smith County Community Foundation.
The new tympanometer will be used by DSNWK’s Kid-Link staff to test children’s hearing and will be used for initial screenings and upcoming community screens that will be provided free of charge to the families and children in Kid-Link’s catchment area. It will also allow for hearing screenings to continue in a timely manner. Hearing screenings allow for Kid-Link professionals to assess the child’s needs and if necessary, refer them to specialty services. Without these screenings, a child’s hearing challenges may go unnoticed and their development be negatively affected. This is part of Kid-Link’s early intervention services provided in northwest Kansas.
The DSNWK Kid-Link program provides a full range of early intervention services to eligible infants/toddlers from birth up to 3 years of age. Services are provided in the child’s home or other natural environments. Kid-Link services are offered in the six north-central counties; Norton, Osborne, Phillips, Rooks, Russell and Smith.
PDC Receives Grant from Second Century Fund
Prairie Developmental Center in Atwood secured a grant for $2000.00 from the Second Century Fund to purchase and install an automated external defibrillator (AED) at Prairie Developmental Center in Atwood and the purchase of AED equipment needed to train staff on how to properly use the machine in case of an emergency. The AED being installed at PDC will not only be available for the individuals we serve but for community members as well. Sudden cardiac arrest is a leading cause of death in America. As the population with I/DD we serve continues to age, the need for AED capability becomes even more pronounced. DSNWK wants to be prepared to best serve individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (I/DD) in any situation. DSNWK would like to thank the 2nd Century Fund for its continued support and generosity of PDC.
DSNWK garners support from RCACF
Developmental Services of Northwest Kansas is proud to announce a grant award from the Russell County Area Community Foundation (RCACF) in the amount of $1,500.00 to benefit Pioneer Developmental Center in Russell. DSNWK will be utilizing the grant toward the purchase of new tables and chairs for both it’s current and new conference rooms. Replacing the current furniture has become essential due to its poor condition and age. It is especially important for persons with limited abilities. These conference rooms and furnishings are important for staff and professionals to conduct meetings, training, and consultations. “We would like to thank the Russell County Area Community Foundation for this award and for their continuous support of our program serving people with intellectual and developmental disabilities in the Russell community,” states Jerry Michaud, DSNWK President. “DSNWK frequently needs the conference rooms for a variety of purposes and having functional tables and comfortable chairs are fundamental parts of successful, productive meetings and training.” DSNWK is a 501c3 nonprofit serving 18 counties in northwest Kansas with a mission to advocate for persons with disabilities and those who care about them by planning and supporting a life of dignity, interdependence, and personal satisfaction in the community. Through the efforts of the 40 staff members working in the Russell community, DSNWK currently serves nine children in Russell county and 19 adults with I/DD in DSNWK’s day and residential services.
DSNWK receives $4,000 matching grant from Pete Henry Foundation
Developmental Services of Northwest Kansas, Inc. was recently announced as the recipient of a $4,000 grant from the Pete Henry Foundation. This grant award will be used to support a matching grant by Midwest Energy and be used toward the renovation of DSNWK’s developmental center at 733 9th St., Hoxie. The renovation will make the center more functional, accessible, and community focused for the individuals who receive services there with intellectual and developmental disabilities. The renovation will make room for much needed accessible bathrooms, laundry room, larger classroom space and a larger dining room area. As the intellectual and developmental disability (I/DD) population ages, the need to address growing accessibility needs has become one of DSNWK’s top priorities being addressed in their Stronger Forever Together capital campaign. While making these changes, a storm shelter is also planned. This developmental center, which was built in 1972 and opened by DSNWK in 1995, is home to DSNWK’s College for Living program. The College for Living provides structured learning opportunities for individuals on life skills and opportunities to participate in classes and subjects that interest them. If you would be interested in supporting this effort and donating toward the match of this renovation project, contact DSNWK at P.O. Box 310, Hays KS 67601, 785-625-5678 or email@example.com. DSNWK is a 501c3 nonprofit organization serving 18 counties in northwest Kansas with a mission to advocate for persons with disabilities and those who care about them by planning and supporting a life of dignity, interdependence, and personal satisfaction in the community.
DSNWK receives $5,000 grant from Phillips County Community Foundation
Developmental Services of Northwest Kansas has a new SPOT Vision Screener for our Kid-Link program thanks to the support of the Phillips County Community Foundation. This grant was made possible through the generosity of the Dane G. Hansen Foundation Grant Fund. The new screener will allow Kid-Link professionals to better provide timely vision screens to children aged 0-3 in Phillips county and the surrounding area. These screenings allow for Kid-Link professionals to assess the child’s needs and if necessary, refer them to specialty services. This equipment will also be used annually to perform scheduled vision screenings. Without these screenings, a child’s deficiencies may go unnoticed and their development will be negatively affected. DSNWK is a 501c3 nonprofit serving 18 counties in northwest Kansas with a mission to advocate for persons with disabilities and those who care about them by planning and supporting a life of dignity, interdependence, and personal satisfaction in the community.
Access Receives KDOT Grant
ACCESS Public Transportation is proud to announce that they are the recipient of a $87,166.00 grant from Kansas Public Transportation (KDOT). This grant will be utilized for two projects targeted by ACCESS; facility and equipment upgrades, as well as, a new maintenance vehicle.
These two projects were out of a total of 33 transit projects across the state that have been selected as part of the Kansas Department of Transportation’s new Access, Innovation, and Collaboration program. More than $74 million dollars was awarded by KDOT.
ACCESS provides on demand transportation in Hays and Ellis County and is partially funded by the City of Hays, Ellis County, FHSU and Partnership for a Safer Community.
DSNWK appreciates the support of the United Way of Ellis County and the CARE Council
Developmental Services of Northwest Kansas is proud to announce that The United Way of Ellis County has allocated $23,000 for the Job Placement Follow-along program for 2020. Follow-along services are provided to all individuals who complete DSNWK's Job Placement Program for support to maintain employment and for additional training in the future. Follow-along can intervene before the individual loses his or her employment and reduces the dollars spent on job procurement, training new employees, and unemployment or disability payments.
ACCESS Public Transportation was informed by the CARE Council of Ellis County that they have recommended an allocation to the Hays City Commission for an award of $80,000 for transportation services from the City of Hays Social Service Funds for the 2021 budget. ACCESS provides general public transportation services to the people of Hays and Ellis County.
DSNWK would like to thank the United Way of Ellis County for their continuous support of people with developmental disabilities and to the Care Council for recommending an allocation to the City of Hays for ACCESS general public transportation.
Final pieces in place for new vehicle for PDC
Developmental Services of Northwest Kansas is proud to announce that the final pieces of the puzzle for a replacement vehicle for Prairie Developmental Center in Atwood have been put in place.The Atwood Masons Lodge has agreed to match the $2000 gift offered by the Rawlins County Thrift Shop. This generous gift brought the donations to just $1000 shy of meeting its goal. Then after seeing the article in the Rawlins County Square Deal, Jean Ann Wagner of Phillipsburg called DSNWK and offered to donate the remaining $1000. DSNWK would like to first thank the Rawlins County Thrift Shop for starting this fundraising effort back in September with their matching donation. This was followed by another amazing donation from the Friends of the Disabled which elevated the donations by over $10,000 for the vehicle. In the final stretch, the Masons Lodge and Jean Ann Wagner, joined these others with their financial support which carried this project across the finish line. As reported earlier, PDC lost a Dodge Intrepid due to excessive mileage and complete engine failure. This vehicle was used to support the staff and people served at PDC with going to doctor appointments, community outings, meetings and more. “We continue to be amazed by the generosity and kindness of the Atwood community and beyond,” states Jerry Michaud, DSNWK President. “Having the support of people like these, well, they are among our greatest assets.” DSNWK serves persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities throughout the 18 counties of northwest Kansas including the community of Atwood.
Midwest Energy Grant supports DSNWK renovation in Hoxie
Developmental Services of Northwest Kansas, was recently announced as the recipient of a $15,000 grant from Midwest Energy, Inc. This matching grant award will be used to support the renovation of the developmental center in Hoxie.The renovation will make the center more functional, accessible, and community focused for the people we serve in Sheridan County and surrounding counties who have developmental disabilities. The renovation will change the floor plan to make room for much needed accessible bathrooms, laundry room, larger classroom space and a larger dining room area. While making these changes, a storm shelter is also planned.“This generous grant award is a dollar-for-dollar matching grant opportunity. We are so grateful to Midwest Energy for supporting us with this grant. We extend our thanks to all who will join us in this matching effort. This project, when complete, will have a practical and personal impact on the people we serve as well as the Hoxie community. Those interested in supporting our efforts, we are a phone call or an email away,” stated Jerry Michaud, DSNWK President. For more information or to contribute to the renovation project, contact Steve Keil at 785-625-5678 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Care workers in need of pay increase
Paraprofessional Amy Neeley has worked full time as a caregiver at the Reed Center in Hays for two years and four months. She works for the nonprofit Developmental Services of Northwest Kansas Inc., helping adults with intellectual disabilities.The money isn’t great, with base pay starting at $9 an hour. But the clients and staff are like a happy family, Neeley said Thursday morning while helping clients get organized to play Monopoly.Neeley teaches four classes this semester at the Reed Center: Health and Safety, Holidays, American Sign Language and Ancient Cultures.“I am blessed enough that my significant other makes a wage that allows me to work here,” said Neeley, of Hays. “I couldn’t do it on my own.”Many of DSNWK’s 350 employees are the caregivers who work in group homes or provide day help throughout 18 counties in northwest Kansas. Kaitlyn Wagle, of Hays, is a program services coordinator and has worked at DSNWK for nearly eight years.“I’ve had two or three jobs up until recently,” Wagle said, noting that others who work there do the same to make ends meet. “If you’re living on your own, it’s just not possible on this wage. No one is a fan of the wage, but the people who work here want to stay, that’s why they get two jobs. They don’t want to leave here.”It shouldn’t be that way, and won’t be, if Allen Schmidt gets his way.The fate of direct support professionals is a concern to Schmidt, explaining that these are the home health workers, nurse aids and personal care workers seen in nursing homes, assisted living centers, at DSNWK and in other places where the elderly and disabled are cared for.It’s critical to up the level of pay, Schmidt said, “so that you can get them out of poverty.”A retired Army and Medical Service Corps colonel, Schmidt moved back to western Kansas a few years ago to find himself first filling an unexpired Kansas senate seat, then named to the Kansas Board of Regents, and now working at DSNWK, 2703 Hall St., to establish an endowment and planned giving program.As a result, revitalizing rural Kansas and the aging population of western Kansas have become two of his concerns, particularly who will care for the aging, namely direct support workers."There’s a shortage of these workers, which is going to directly impact our parents, and eventually you and me as we get older,” said Schmidt on Saturday, who questioned state legislators at the Legislative Update sponsored by the Hays Area Chamber of Commerce in the Ballroom at Fort Hays State University.“The projection right now, and this is a national prediction, is that there’s going to be 74,000 positions short by 2026 in Kansas,” Schmidt said after the update program. “When you look at the nation, the national level, it’s in the millions. It may be the number one or two employed position in Kansas in 2026. That’s why I’m interested.”As a state senator, he saw the problem firsthand.“There are people aging so fast in these communities, that when I represented, for example, Smith County, that was in my senate district, they were 22% over age 65 at that time,” he said. “Now we’re talking about many of these counties going to 35% and 40% over the age of 65.”“We’ve waited too long to deal with this whole aging population,” Schmidt said. “People in western Kansas are going to move someplace where there’s care, eventually, when they can’t care for themselves because their kids aren’t there.”Schmidt’s mission is to see direct support professionals get credit for their work in the form of academic credit leading to higher wages, a professional license, a degree or even a better occupation.Such a program could be modeled after a paraprofessional-to-teacher program developed at Wichita State University, which gives academic credit to paraprofessionals in the classroom, enabling them to work toward a teaching degree.“I’m thinking of that model for direct support professionals, because if I’m going to be a nurse, occupational therapist, doctor, does it not make sense that when I’m starting into the workforce that I’d do work like this?” Schmidt asks. “Why don’t I get academic credit for that? That’s where higher education is going, applied learning, learning in the workplace.”Schmidt is working on building a task force, meeting with WSU and gauging interest from FHSU President Tisa Mason.But the first step, he said, is to get the position included in the Standard Occupational Classification of the U.S. Department of Labor. For that, he asked Rep. Roger Marshall for help at Saturday’s session.“The first thing we need to do is understand why direct support professionals don’t have a category in the Labor Department,” Schmidt said. “We call them direct support professionals, but until they get a labor code, it’s going to be hard to do all the technical things, like develop the curriculum and professionalize them.”Direct support workers don’t make a living wage as it is now, said DSNWK executive director Jerry Michaud, also at the Legislative Update. That’s despite the fact they get training and certification to do their jobs.“They’ve got skills, they are required skills to do that well,” Michaud said. “If it’s professional and it’s trained, then it should be compensated beyond what it is today.”Low pay means people leave for more money, Michaud said. As of Dec. 31, he had 25 open positions at DSNWK throughout the 18 counties. Losing staff affects the clients, he said.“Say I’m the person that needs support, and I’ve got a relationship with you on the staff, and you leave,” Michaud said. “Any transition and turnover as it relates to the individual served is a pretty big deal.”On Thursday at the Reed Center, Wagle handed the Monopoly dice to DSNWK client Michael Karlin, who threw doubles, then high-fived Wagle with a big hoot and holler.Wagle and Neeley helped him count out eight spaces on the board and move his ship token to Chance.“They have a lot of come-and-go in their lives,” said Neeley, nodding to Karlin, David Werth and Jimmy Tucker, sitting at the table around the Monopoly board.“It’s so hard because these guys have so many people come and go out of their lives,” Neeley said.“It can cause trust issues,” Wagle said. “They can develop some anger, aggression, depression.”“It’s like any family,” Neeley added. “You bond, there’s no way around it, and these guys are like anyone else, when they lose someone special.”
Beach Family Foundation Grant benefits DSNWK
The Beach Family Foundation, Derby, has awarded Developmental Services of Northwest Kansas (DSNWK) a $21,150 grant. This will allow DSNWK to begin the multi-step process of installing access control technology systems within 10 of 16 residential homes in Hays, Russell, Victoria, Atwood, Hill City, and Norton.
The first phase of this project will consist of installing magnetic locks and keypads on the main doors within each home. DSNWK has previously installed these keyless locks in two residential homes where there is a higher risk of elopement. Installing this infrastructure hardware will allow the organization to eventually achieve the overall goal of electronic keyless access control into all homes and office buildings. The organization has made this goal a priority in order to promote safety and ease of access by those persons who receive support in these settings and those staff who help them each day.
DSNWK would like to thank the Beach Family Foundation for their generosity and support which helps DSNWK improve the lives of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities in northwest Kansas.
Community Service Tax Credit program a boost to DSNWK capital campaign effort
Developmental Services of Northwest Kansas (DSNWK) is proud to announce that all awarded Community Service Tax Credits have been claimed.
In 2018, DSNWK was awarded a $250,000 grant in Community Service Tax Credits at the 50-percent rate through the Kansas Department of Commerce. The tax credits were available to donors on a first come, first served basis, raising a total of $500,000.
The ability to offer tax credits to donors was very beneficial to DSNWK’s $5 million Stronger Forever Together capital campaign goal which will help support DSNWK’s programs serving persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities (I/DD).
“We are grateful to our many donors who took advantage of these community service tax credits and supported our capital campaign,” said Jerry Michaud, President/CEO of DSNWK. “These donations will allow for much needed facility upgrades and repairs, renovations and accessibility improvements, which are outside of normal funding streams.
For more information about DSNWK’s Stronger Forever Together Capital Campaign, visit www.dsnwk.org and click on the Stronger Forever Together campaign logo.
DSNWK is a 501(c)3 nonprofit serving individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities for over 50 years from the counties of Cheyenne, Decatur, Ellis, Gove, Graham, Logan, Norton, Osborne, Phillips, Rawlins, Rooks, Russell, Sheridan, Sherman, Smith, Thomas, Trego and Wallace.